Purple is known to make people feel creative. Purple is also associated with mystery, royalty, and wealth. Light purple is tied to soothing the mind. Many gardeners love to add purple to their flowerbeds to inspire, or to enjoy beauty and calm.
There is a multitude of purple flowers in the world, and at least one or more will work in your garden space. These beauties cover the gambit of delicate to sturdy, rare to rampant, and miniature to giant. These selections span climate zones in almost any region.
In the list below, you can find useful and fun information about 60 fascinating purple blooms
Alliums are easy-to-grow perennials. Most varieties multiply naturally and can thrive in one area for years if they remain untouched. They grow from bulbs and are fairly trouble-free. While alliums flower in shades of purple, they also bloom in white, and more rarely blue and yellow. The Allium genus contains hundreds of species including edible garlic and onions. Because of this, they are deer and rodent resistant. Alliums do best in lots of direct sunlight.
Alpine Betony is another perennial that is easy to care for. The Alpine Betony only blooms in purple. Alpine Betony comes alive in early summer and lasts until fall, enjoying the full sun and moist, well-drained soil. They are great to plant along borders or in containers. Alpine Betony is also deer resistant and makes beautiful cut flowers for arrangements.
Anemones are poppy-like perennials, commonly known as windflowers. They grow just about anywhere and spread quickly, so they do best in containers or contained garden spaces. There are at least 63 species of Anemones, each varying in hardiness, growth requirements, and bloom times. Anemones grow easily from corms or bulbs. Although many varieties love full sun, others thrive in shaded gardens. And while they grow in many shades of purple, they also grow in white, yellow, blue, red, and burgundy.
Asters are daisy-like perennials that bloom in late summer and early autumn. Asters vary in size, and their colors include white, purple, blue, or pink. Asters attract bees and butterflies who need a late-season supply of nectar. These easy flowers grow best in full sun and well-drained, loamy soil. They grow from seeds and can be started indoors.
Fun fact: Asters are the September birth flower.
Astilbes are low-maintenance perennials with tall, fluffy plumes that can be white, pink, deep red, lavender, or violet. Astilbes flower from early to late summer depending on variety, so plant several varieties with different bloom times to continually feed the butterflies and bees that love their nectar. Astilbes should be divided every few years when their root clumps get too big. Astilbes grow best in partial shade. They enjoy moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil.
Balloon Flowers are easy to grow from seeds, live for a long time, and thrive in the sun or partial shade. They grow best in well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Balloon Flowers are resistant to diseases and deer. Although they can survive dry conditions, they grow best with plenty of moisture. Balloon Flowers bloom throughout the summer and can be blue, purple, white, or pink. They self-seed and spread, although not aggressively. Balloon flowers do well in containers, as border plants, and in rock gardens. They also attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
Bee Balm is a perennial herb that blooms in July and continues blooming through late summer if regularly deadheaded. Bee Balm grows in clumps with stalks up to 3 feet tall. It prefers moist, well-drained soil, full sun, and needs watered directly into the soil once or twice a week. Bee Balm attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The leaves and flowers are edible and medicinal. It’s antimicrobial and soothing, so it’s often used to treat colds, flu, indigestion, bloating, and nausea.
Bell Heather is a perennial that grows wild in a variety of habitats: home gardens, heathland, open woodland, and coastal areas. The purple-pink, bell-shaped flowers bloom between July and September, but they can last through December in warmer areas. Bell Heather makes a great garden plant, thriving best in full sun, and in sandy, acidic, well-drained soils. Bell Heather needs plenty of moisture, but it becomes drought tolerant once established.
Campanula, also known as Bellflowers thrives in well-draining soil and thrive in partial to full sun. Though most varieties are blue and purple, you can sometimes find them in white or pink. Bellflowers are perennials with a long blooming period, generally from June through October. They also make a good houseplant if placed in full sun. Bellflowers need a moderate amount of water, and they do best outdoors in rock gardens and along borders.
Blue-eyed Grass is perennial in the Iris family. It’s native to North America and thrives in moist to average garden soil and full sun to partial shade. Blue-eyed Grass produces seeds in the spring which spread easily in healthy soil. Native Americans found medicinal uses for Blue-eyes Grass, creating tea from its roots to cure stomach upset.
Bougainvillea is a hardy perennial vine that enjoys 5-6 hours of sunlight per day, and it prefers hotter climates where freezing is rare. However, it can be grown as an annual or as a houseplant in cooler areas. Bougainvillea should be planted on higher ground or hillsides where water doesn’t collect. They grow best when they have enough space to spread out. You’ll find Bougainvillea in many colors: purple, red, orange, white, pink, and yellow.
Fun Fact: Bougainvillea is Grenada’s national flower.
Browallia is a perennial often grown as an annual, belonging to the nightshade family. It is native to South America and enjoys full sun or partial shade. Browallia can be propagated by replanting cuttings or by planting seeds. Its flowers attract hummingbirds, and it is a popular plant for containers, gardens, or hanging baskets.
The Butterfly Bush gets its name from the many butterflies drawn to its flowers. But it does not support the life cycle of butterflies, so if you are growing one, be sure to plant other flowers or bushes that support butterflies native to your area. Butterfly Bushes are perennials that require a minimum of 8 hours of bright sunlight per day and an inch of water per week while they’re actively growing. They become dormant in the winter, send out new growth from the roots in the spring, then bloom from summer to autumn.
The Candytuft is a perennial native to Europe that blooms in light purple, pink, or white. Candytuft grows best in well-drained soil and plenty of sun. The flowers bloom in early spring through summer, but they can also rebloom in fall. Candytuft enjoys gravelly ground and does well in rock gardens and along borders. Candytuft can be grown directly from seeds, planting them once soil has warmed to about 70°F.
Canterbury Bells are biennials that grow directly from seed. They are an invasive species, so it is important to contain them. They enjoy full sun to partial shade, rich, moist soil, and plenty of water. These European natives bloom in early summer and come in a variety of colors including white, pink, blue, and purple.
Not to be mistaken for lavender, Catmint is a perennial herb that is long-blooming, heat tolerant, resistant to pests and diseases, and easy to grow, drought-tolerant, and deer-resistant. Catmint grows best in full sun but also does well with afternoon shade. Young plants and transplants need plenty of water until they are established. Catmint prefers well-drained soil that is not aggressively fertilized. It should be divided every 3 years.
There are several purple varieties of Chrysanthemum: Lagoon Purple, Patty Purple, Plumberry Purple, Poppin Purple, and Venus Purple to name a few. Most are grown as annuals and bloom throughout the fall months, but some bloom as early as late spring. Chrysanthemums require about 6 hours of sunlight each day and enjoy well-drained soil.
Fun fact: Chrysanthemums are edible and make a beautiful addition to salads or charcuterie boards.
Clematis bloom from early summer to early fall. They are long-lived perennial vines that vary from big, star-like blooms to frilly flowers, delicate miniatures, and even bell-shaped blossoms. Clematis are long-lived, and they don’t like to be moved from their home of well-drained soil that’s rich and relatively cool. It’s recommended to grow Clematis in an area with 6-8 hours of sunlight per day and against a pole or trellis.
Cobaea is a strong, woody, flowering plant of rapid growing, ornamental climbers. It’s a native of Mexico and northern South America. There, it grows as a strong perennial. In cooler climates, it’s grown as an annual or in a greenhouse. Cobaea thrives in moist, well-drained soil, and it needs plenty of water.
The Columbine is a perennial plant that grows wild in meadows, woodlands, and at higher altitudes. It’s an easy-to-grow perennial that offers sustenance to hummingbirds. Columbine plants aren’t particular about soil as long as it’s not too dry. While they enjoy full sun in most areas, they don’t like it very hot, especially during summer. Columbines start easily from seed and will readily multiply once established.
Fun fact: Columbine is the state flower of Colorado.
Cosmos flowers are annuals that belong to the sunflower family. They are easy to plant, easy to grow, and non-toxic for humans and pets. Cosmos are light-sensitive and grow best in drier soil. They don’t bloom best until late summer when the days grow shorter. They attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.
Crocuses belong to the iris family. They comprise over 90 species of perennials that grow from corms. Many are cultivated for their flowers appearing in autumn, winter, or spring. The expensive spice saffron is obtained from the stigmas of Crocus sativus which blooms in mid-autumn. Crocuses will typically not grow in hotter climates and enjoy partial to the full sun even in cooler regions. Purple and lavender Crocus flowers are popular, but they also come in blue, orange, yellow, and white.
Cyclamen naturally bloom in the fall, winter, and spring when the weather turns cool and humid. During the hot, dry summers, cyclamen becomes dormant. An essential part of taking care of Cyclamen is to make sure they are not overwatered. While they need water to stay healthy, keep the water to a minimum, only watering when the soil is dry to the touch. It helps if the plant has excellent drainage with a potting medium that holds water well.
Dwarf Iris flowers are one of the first blooms of spring. They are small plants that reach only 6 inches tall and grow in shades of purple, blue and yellow. They also have a delightful fragrance. Dwarf Iris are easy to grow and multiply easily as well. Plant dwarf iris bulbs in the fall, choosing a spot that gets partial to full sun and has good soil drainage. Dwarf Iris grow well in gardens if they are 4 or more inches apart, but they also grow well in containers.
Echinacea has purple flowers, so they’re often called purple coneflowers. They bloom in the summertime and are drought-resistant perennials. There are nine species of Echinacea, all growing in eastern and central North America. Their roots were used as medicine by many Native American tribes to heal wounds, dull pain, and boost the immune system. Echinacea is still used in medicine today.
Foxgloves are highly toxic. They are either biennial, producing foliage in the first year followed by flowers in the second, or perennial, flowering every year. Foxgloves do best in partial to full shade. Their preferred native habitat is a woodland clearing. Foxgloves will grow in any soil type but do best in well-drained, moist soil.
Fuchsias are picky, perennial shrubs. They don’t love a lot of sun but will do well in the morning sun with the early shade that continues for the rest of the day. They eat a lot and need plenty of fertilizer. They like their roots moist, but not soaked, so water only when the surface of the growing medium becomes dry. Plant form varies from trailing plants suitable for hanging baskets to upright forms more suitable to grow as shrubs. The bloom time also varies, depending on the type of fuchsia and the climate.
Garlic Vines grow in the ground in warm climates, generally USDA Hardiness zones 9 and above. It is a climbing plant that produces purple to light lilac-colored flowers. This ornamental evergreen creeper grows up to 8 ft. tall. Lavender Garlic Vine flowers bloom twice a year, and the leaves give off a garlic odor when you crush them. You can also grow Garlic Vines indoors in spacious pots as long as they get enough sunlight to bloom.
Scented geraniums favor full sun, at least 4-6 hours of direct light per day. They grow best when temperatures are in the 55° to 70°F range. Geraniums need plenty of water when the summer heat arrives. They do best in soil that is well-draining, but not too rich. Though most geraniums are grown as annuals, they grow as perennials in very warm climates, like in Zones 10-11. Geraniums grow from seed, but you need to be patient with them as they can take up to 16 weeks to flower.
Gladiolus come in a variety of colors, all except blue. They’re grown from corms and are relatively easy to care for. Gladiolus grow best in full sun and sandy loam soil with adequate drainage. Any soil that is healthy for growing vegetables is good for gladiolus. It’s recommended to add compost into planting beds in spring before planting to keep them healthy all summer.
Heliotrope flowers most commonly bloom in shades of purple, but blossoms may also be blue, white, or pink. Heliotropes are easy to grow. Plants are generally happy with full sun and moderate moisture but can tolerate a bit of shade. Heliotropes are poisonous and will cause gastric distress in humans and animals.
Fun fact: Heliotropes are commonly used in perfume production.
Hibiscus flowers grow best in full sun, but they will do well in partial shade, especially if you live in a hotter climate. They enjoy moist but well-drained soil. Hibiscus varieties range from annuals to perennials, hardy to tropical, and large shrubs to smaller trees. In fact, there are 679 known species of Hibiscus. Tea made from Hibiscus is a favorite around the world and is known as a good source of vitamin C.
Hydrangeas enjoy morning sun and afternoon shade. Since these shrubs grow pretty large, give them plenty of room in your garden to grow. They are fairly easy to grow and care for, growing quickly, often filling in space in just one summer. You’ll find Hydrangeas growing in hardiness zones 3 to 7 as perennials. They flower in spring and often last throughout summer into early fall. Fall is the best season to plant hydrangeas, giving them plenty of time to establish a healthy root system before blooming. Keep new plants well-watered until established.
Irises are one of the earliest blooming and easiest perennial flowers to grow. Some are remontant, meaning they flower a second time later in the summer. Irises attract butterflies and hummingbirds. They bloom best in full sun and prefer fertile, neutral to slightly acidic soil with good drainage. Irises grow from either rhizomes or bulbs.
Lavender is a perennial herb that lasts 3-5 years after planting. It has a strong scent that repels moths, flies, fleas, mosquitoes, and even rabbits and deer. Lavender needs full sun and well-drained soil to grow best. In hot summer climates, afternoon shade may help them thrive. Lavender grows best in low to moderately-fertile soils. Lavender can also be dried or infused with oil and used as an additive for food flavors or as a stress-reduction aid.
Lilacs are perennial bushes that bloom in full to partial sun. Lilacs have a strong fragrance, and they bloom in spring. They are easy to care for, only needing regular watering and all-purpose plant food. They are very hardy bushes, surviving extreme cold conditions. Most Lilac bushes bloom yearly with proper pruning.
Several Lilies bloom in shades of purple: Patricia’s Pride, Souvenir, Tom Pouce, Netty’s Pride, Night Rider, Turk’s Cap, and Dot Com to name a few. Lily bulbs can be planted in spring, but it’s best to plant them in the ground in autumn. Lilies enjoy well-drained soil and adequate water without overwatering. They do best when planted in clusters.
Lily of the Nile
The Lily of the Nile blooms in June and July and extends for several additional weeks in climates without frost. It is an herbaceous perennial that is hardy in USDA Zones 7 to 11. This South African native enjoys full sun and well-drained soil. It’s best practice to allow the soil to gradually dry out in the fall and keep them nearly dry in the winter. Like many herbaceous perennial bulbs, it’s wise to leave the foliage intact through the dormant season.
Lisianthus is a warm climate perennial that is usually grown as an annual. It has gained a reputation of being somewhat finicky and difficult to grow. Lisianthus is best grown from seed starting in late summer and will come to full bloom by the following spring. They enjoy loamy clay soil or any soil that holds water and nutrients well but does not stay soggy.
Unlike Lisianthus, Lupine is easy to grow, and it thrives in cool, moist locations. It prefers full sun to partial shade. Since they develop long taproots, looser soils are best, but they don’t grow in clay. Lupins are perennial shrubs that start growing just after the last frost and produce their flowers in late May to early June. In some areas, Lupines can continue flowering into early August if dead-headed correctly. Their seeds are toxic to animals.
Monkshood is a tall herbaceous perennial that blooms late in the summer and enjoys partial shade. Unlike some other herbaceous plants, they are not invasive. They should be planted in early spring when they bloom in mid-summer. Monkshood enjoys well-drained, neutral soil. They are toxic to pets, and they also repel deer and rabbits.
Not only are these flowers attractive to our eyes, but they also attract butterflies and hummingbirds. The seeds of morning glory flowers are highly poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets at all times. Morning glories are best planted in a sunny spot as they need lots of sunlight to bloom to their full potential. Make sure you plant your seeds in well-draining and moderately fertile soil. Choose an area protected from strong winds, and if possible, provide your morning glories with a fence or trellis to climb.
The Parrot Flower is indigenous to Thailand. Because of its designation as an endangered species, it is not allowed to be removed from its native soil. Parrot Flowers look like flying birds sporting two shades of purple, a streak of white, and a spot of yellow. Due to the lack of information about how this flower spreads, gardeners are not able to propagate this plant. Parrot Flowers bloom in October and November in a mess of shrubbery with wide leaves. They only bloom for three weeks before becoming dormant.
Pasque Flowers are one of the first herbaceous perennials to bloom in spring. There are about 30 species, and they belong to the buttercup family. Pasque Flowers do best in well-drained soil and full sun. It does not tolerate root disturbance well, but can be transplanted if done carefully. They do not enjoy heavily fertilized soil. Pasque flower is also extremely toxic and should not be ingested or applied to the skin. Their flowers will open up in the sunshine and close in the evening or cloudy weather.
Fun Fact: The Pasque Flower is the state flower of South Dakota.
Purple passion-flower, or Passiflora, is an herbaceous vine up to 25 ft. long, that climbs up tressils with its tendrils. They don’t take a lot of water and do best in full sun to partial shade. They can live in dry or moist, sandy or loamy soil and tolerate most climates. These gorgeous flowers attract butterflies, in particular the Zebra Longwing.
Peonies prefer a sunny location with well-drained soil. Good air circulation around the plant is also important. These long-lived perennial bushes bloom in spring through early summer. When planting peonies, be sure to give them plenty of room as they can grow to five feet in just ten years. Peonies also enjoy plenty of rich fertilizer. Their sweet flowers attract ants and hummingbirds, but they are poisonous to pets.
Petunias are annuals that come in many colors, including vivid shades of purple. They typically bloom from spring all the way until the first frost. Petunias can be started from seed, and do best if they germinate inside up to 8-10 weeks before the last frost. They need plenty of light and good draining soil. Petunias make wonderful potted plants and are often used in container gardens on patios.
While some Periwinkle varieties are highly poisonous, some can be used for medicinal purposes. Periwinkle is an astringent herb that can be used as a mouth rinse to soothe the pain of canker sores. The herb contains tannins that can bind up fluids and possibly relieve inflammationThese low-lying, herbaceous perennials prefer partial shade or full sun and ample moisture in the soil, especially during hot, dry weather.Periwinkle plants produce beautiful spring flowers from April to May, which continue to adorn the gardens during the summer.
Rhododendrons are shrubs that grow best in partial sun to full shade. When planting Rhododendron, be sure to give it lots of space to spread and grow. They are deer resistant, and they provide privacy along backyard fences. Rhododendrons prefer acidic soil with lots of organic matter, so if your soil isn’t up to par, add plenty of organic fertilizer. The shrubs stay green all year round, so they’re an excellent addition to a garden that is sparse in cooler months.
Salvias, like Catmint, are members of the mint family which also includes rosemary, thyme, lavender, and basil. Ornamental salvias are also a relative of sage, the herb used for cooking. Most varieties enjoy hot, dry climates where they are grown as perennials. They need about 6 hours of sunlight per day, prefer well-drained soil, and are drought-resistant once they are established.
Sea Holly are herbaceous perennials that enjoy full sun and sandy, well-drained soil. While they are generally low-maintenance, they don’t like to be transplanted. Thanks to their long taproots, they are drought-resistant once established. This European native does well in USDA Hardiness zones 5-9, and since it does not spread well, it is not considered an invasive species. Sea Holly is non-toxic, as far as researchers know.
Sweet Peas are annuals known for their honey-like perfume. They can be planted in late winter or early spring, and they enjoy very fertile, cool soil and plenty of sun. Sweet peas are climbers that need at least 6 feet of good support. You can support your sweet peas on a fence, pole or a trellis.
Flaming Flag, Queen of the Night, and Purple Lady are just some of the purple tulips that brighten up a spring garden. These perennial bulbs grow all over the world, and symbolize royalty. Tulip bulbs should be planted in the fall in soil that is not overly fertile. They need about ⅔ inch of water per week. Depending on variety, Tulips bloom anywhere from March to mid June.
Verbena can grow as an annual or perennial. It’s not particular about soil, as long as it has proper drainage. Verbenas need about 1 inch of water per week. If they are not receiving adequate water from rainfall, it’s best to water them at the base and not on the blooms or foliage. Verbenas bloom around 9 months per year, all but winter. They spread well and look stunning in hanging planters.
There are about 600 known species of Violets. Violets make wonderful container plants, as they need direct sunlight to grow, but they enjoy shade once established and must be kept moderately moist. They bloom in late winter or spring all the way through the summer. Most varieties don’t like super hot weather and do best in temperatures between 65°-75°F.
Fun fact: A species of Violet is the state flower in four states—Illinois, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.
Waxflowers are flowering shrubs that bloom in late winter to early spring. They make perfect cut flowers because the blooms last for up to 3 weeks. Waxflowers are incredibly low-maintenance, only needing light pruning. They even have low food and moisture needs and minimal pest and disease control.
Fun fact: Waxflowers are edible, but they are known to taste like “bitter swamp.”
Wild Hyacinth is a perennial herb native to North America, particularly in Ontario and the eastern US. In these areas they may be found growing wild in moist meadows, stream banks, or open woods. When planting Wild Hyacinth at home, you should plant them in moist, fertile, acidic, well-drained soils and in full sun to partial shade. Homegrown plants develop slowly but live for many years, and they reproduce by seed.
Wild Indigo belongs to the legume family. They are flowering herbaceous perennials that bloom with flowers, followed by pods. They are native to eastern and southern North America. Most bloom in March, April or early May, They typically bloom between 3 and 6 weeks. Wild Indigo lives a long time, so choose a good-sized space for it to grow.
Wisteria is also a member of the legume family. Plant your Wisteria next to a sturdy wall or structure in a spot with well-drained, moist soil and at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. Wisteria can grow as a small tree or a climbing shrub. If you want to plant your own Wisteria from a seed, you’ll have to wait 20 years for flowers.
Zinnias belong to the daisy family. There are over 20 species of wild Zinnia, plus hundreds more cultivars and hybrids. Zinnias are heavy feeders, so plan to fertilize them regularly and often, as this will encourage lush, colorful blooming. They have been called “cut and come again” flowers because you can cut one flower above a pair of leaves and within days two new stems with flower buds will emerge.