Crassula marnieriana (Worm Plant)

Crassula marnieriana


Plant Type: Succulent
Family: Crassulaceae
Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect sunlight
Watering: Soak and dry method
Colors: Jade-green leaves, white-pink flowers
Size: Up to 12 inches long
Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Soil Type: Well-draining succulent/cactus mix
Soil pH: 6.0-7.0 (slightly acidic to neutral)
Propagation: Leaf and stem cuttings
Toxicity: Non-toxic to pets and humans

Crassula marnieriana, commonly known as the Worm Plant, is a captivating succulent that boasts cascading, jade-green leaves tightly stacked along its trailing stems. Native to South Africa, this charming plant is prized for its low maintenance requirements and striking appearance, making it an ideal choice for both novice and experienced gardeners. With proper care, Worm Plants can reach lengths of up to 12 inches and reward you with clusters of delicate, star-shaped flowers during the winter months. In this comprehensive guide, I’ll share insights on how to care for, propagate, fertilize, and protect your succulent Crassula marnieriana from common pests and diseases, ensuring it thrives in your home or garden.

How to Care for Crassula marnieriana

Light Requirements

Crassula marnieriana’s optimal growth relies on bright, indirect sunlight. Ensure your Worm Plant receives 6-8 hours of filtered sunlight daily. Direct sun may result in leaf scorching, so always shield your plant from harsh rays. Indoors, position your Worm Plant near an east or west-facing window to catch morning or afternoon sun. You can also use a sheer curtain to filter sunlight if the window receives intense sun. For outdoor plants, select a location with dappled shade, such as under a tree canopy or on a covered patio. If you live in an area with limited sunlight, using a grow light for 12-14 hours daily will supplement natural light and support healthy growth.

Watering Crassula marnieriana

Worm Plants’ health hinges on proper watering. The “soak and dry” method is essential—water the plant until the soil is saturated, let the excess drain, and allow the soil to dry completely before the next watering. Use your finger to test the soil moisture; if the top 1-2 inches are dry, it’s time to water. During hotter months, water every 7-10 days, ensuring the plant stays hydrated. In winter, when the plant enters dormancy, reduce watering to once every 3-4 weeks. Always use a pot with drainage holes to prevent standing water, which can lead to root rot.

Soil Needs

Crassula marnieriana requires well-draining soil for successful growth. A store-bought succulent or cactus mix is ideal, but you can create your own blend for a tailored solution. Combine equal parts potting soil, coarse sand, and perlite for a mix that ensures proper drainage and prevents root rot. Adding a layer of pebbles or gravel at the bottom of the pot further enhances drainage. Alternatively, you can use pumice or crushed bark instead of perlite, as they also improve aeration and drainage. Worm Plants benefit from slightly acidic to neutral soil, with a pH range of 6.0-7.0.

Temperature and Humidity

Crassula marnieriana thrives in temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C) but can adapt to slightly cooler or warmer environments. Ensure the plant isn’t exposed to temperatures below 50°F (10°C) for extended periods, as this can cause stress and damage. If you live in a colder climate, consider bringing your outdoor Worm Plant inside during the winter to protect it from frost. Worm Plants are not humidity-sensitive, making them versatile for various indoor settings. However, they appreciate good air circulation, so avoid placing them in confined, stagnant areas. In regions with high humidity, ensure proper ventilation to reduce the risk of fungal infections or rot.


Crassula marnieriana requires bright, indirect sunlight for 6-8 hours daily and well-draining soil. Adopt the “soak and dry” watering method, adjusting the frequency depending on the season. The ideal temperature range is 65-80°F (18-27°C), and the plant can adapt to various humidity levels, though good air circulation is crucial.

How to Propagate Crassula marnieriana

Crassula marnieriana

Leaf Cuttings

To propagate Crassula marnieriana via leaf cuttings, select a healthy, mature leaf from the stem, ensuring you detach it with its base intact. A clean, sharp pair of scissors or a sterilized knife will minimize damage to the parent plant. Lay the cutting on a dry surface in a shaded area for 1-2 days to develop a callus, reducing the risk of rot. Once callused, place the cutting on well-draining soil, pressing it gently to establish contact. Avoid burying the leaf, as this may cause decay. Mist the cutting lightly every few days, maintaining slight moisture without saturating the soil. To boost success, place the cutting in a warm, bright location with indirect light. After 3-4 weeks, you should observe root development and new growth, indicating successful propagation.

Stem Cuttings

Propagating Crassula marnieriana using stem cuttings is an equally effective method. Choose a healthy stem with at least two leaf nodes and cut it using sterilized scissors or a knife. Allow the cutting to dry in a shaded area for 2-3 days to form a callus, preventing infection and rot. Once the callus forms, plant the cutting in well-draining soil, burying at least one leaf node. Water sparingly, maintaining slightly moist soil, until you see new growth, which signals successful rooting. Providing your cutting with bright, indirect light and warm temperatures will optimize its chances of successful propagation.


To propagate Crassula marnieriana, use leaf or stem cuttings. Detach a healthy leaf or stem, let it dry and form a callus for 1-2 days, then place it on well-draining soil. Maintain slight moisture and provide bright, indirect light for successful rooting, which occurs in 3-4 weeks.

Fertilizing Your Crassula marnieriana

Feeding your Worm Plant is essential for robust growth. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer (such as a 20-20-20 formula) diluted to half strength to avoid over-fertilization. Apply the fertilizer once in early spring and again in mid-summer, when the plant is actively growing. Refrain from fertilizing during the winter months, as the plant enters dormancy and nutrient uptake decreases. Over-fertilization can lead to weak, leggy growth and increase the risk of pests and diseases. Remember, Crassula marnieriana is naturally adapted to nutrient-poor soils, so less is more when it comes to feeding.

Common Pests and Diseases

While Crassula marnieriana is relatively pest-resistant, it can occasionally be targeted by mealybugs and spider mites. Mealybugs appear as small, cotton-like masses, while spider mites manifest as fine webbing and speckling on leaves. Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply the treatment weekly until pests are eradicated. Maintaining good hygiene and air circulation can help prevent pest infestations.

Overwatering is a primary cause of root rot, which is characterized by wilting, yellowing leaves and a musty odor. Ensure you follow the proper watering techniques to avoid this issue. If root rot occurs, remove the affected roots, allow the plant to dry, and repot it in fresh, well-draining soil.

Where to Buy

You can buy Crassula marnieriana from Mountain Crest Gardens

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