dendrobium orchid

Dendrobium Orchids Varieties: 30 Types of Dendrobium

When people talk about Dendrobium Orchids varieties, they usually divide them into two groups based on their canes: soft cane Dendrobiums and hard cane Dendrobiums. But did you know that this classification system is not accurate? Another popular way of categorizing them is based on the most well-known orchids, Nobile and Phalaenopsis. However, that isn’t wholly correct either. In reality, over 1,800 species of Dendrobium orchids are divided into six distinct groups based on their growth habits and flower characteristics.

The first group is the Dendrobium Phalaenopsis, the most common group of Dendrobium orchids in cultivation. These orchids have large, round flowers resembling the phalaenopsis orchid. The second group is the Dendrobium Spatula, which has small, star-shaped flowers and grows compactly and uprightly. The third group is the Dendrobium Latouria, which has large, showy, highly fragrant flowers. The fourth group is the Dendrobium Formosae, which has small, delicate flowers that grow in clusters. The fifth group is the Dendrobium Callista, which has large, bold blooms in various colors. Finally, there is the Dendrobium group, which includes all other species that do not fit into the other five groups.

Each group of Dendrobium orchids has unique characteristics and requirements for growth, making them an exciting and rewarding group of plants to grow. In this article, we will explore each group in more detail and discuss some of the most popular and compelling species within each group.

Types of Dendrobium (Orchids)

Let’s explore the different types of Dendrobium, divided into six groups and their specific characteristics, growth and care requirements.

Dendrobium phalaenopsis

Dendrobium phalaenopsis

Dendrobium phalaenopsis is a common group of Dendrobium Orchids varieties known for their large and showy flowers, broad and flat leaves, and long arching stems. They are often used in hybridization due to their appealing characteristics. Dendrobium phalaenopsis orchids are a highly prized group of orchids for collectors and hobbyists alike. With their large, showy flowers, broad leaves, and stunning colors, they are sure to make a statement in any collection.

The Dendrobium phalaenopsis orchids are typically large and showy, with flowers that bloom at the end of their stems and can last for several weeks. Their broad, flat leaves provide a beautiful backdrop to the flowers. This group of orchids is widely known for their wide range of colors, patterns, and fragrances.

Some of the most popular species within the Dendrobium phalaenopsis group include:

  • Dendrobium affine,
  • Dendrobium biggibum,
  • Dendrobium dicuphum,
  • Dendrobium williamsianum,
  • Dendrobium aussie parade,
  • Dendrobium berry oda,
  • Dendrobium kingianum

Dendrobium latouria

Dendrobium Orchids Varieties: Dendrobium latouria

Dendrobium latouria is a group of orchids that are native to Southeast Asia, particularly in regions with a humid and tropical climate. They are known for their striking and fragrant flowers, which bloom in clusters at the tips of long, thin stems. The leaves of Dendrobium latouria are narrow and elongated, giving the plant an elegant and graceful appearance.

Dendrobium latouria orchids are ideal for collectors who appreciate elegant and graceful-looking orchids with a unique fragrance. They require warm and humid conditions to thrive, making them perfect for indoor cultivation. They can be grown in hanging baskets, mounted on a piece of bark, or potted in a well-draining soil mix. The striking flowers of Dendrobium latouria are perfect for use in floral arrangements or as cut flowers. With their beauty and fragrance, these orchids are sure to make a stunning addition to any collection.

Some Examples of Dendrobium latouria Species:

  • Dendrobium aberrans
  • Dendrobium alexanderae
  • Dendrobium atroviolaceum
  • Dendrobium bifalce
  • Dendrobium convolutum
  • Dendrobium engae
  • Dendrobium eximium
  • Dendrobium finisterrae
  • Dendrobium forbesii
  • Dendrobium johnsoniae
  • Dendrobium macrophyllum
  • Dendrobium polysema
  • Dendrobium rhodostictum
  • Dendrobium spectabile

Dendrobium spatulata

Dendrobium spatulata

Dendrobium spatulata is a group of orchids native to Southeast Asia. They are known for their delicate, small flowers that bloom in clusters on long, thin stems. The leaves of the Dendrobium spatulata are narrow and strap-like, giving the plant an elegant appearance. Dendrobium spatulata orchids are a perfect choice for collectors who prefer delicate and elegant-looking orchids. They are easy to grow and require minimal care. They can be grown in hanging baskets or mounted on a piece of bark or driftwood. Their small flowers are perfect for use in floral arrangements or as cut flowers.

Some Examples of Dendrobium spatulata Species:

  • Dendrobium antennatum
  • Dendrobium canaliculatum
  • Dendrobium carronii
  • Dendrobium cochliodes
  • Dendrobium discolor
  • Dendrobium gouldii
  • Dendrobium Helix
  • Dendrobium lasianthera
  • Dendrobium lineale
  • Dendrobium stratiotes
  • Dendrobium strebloceras
  • Dendrobium sutiknoi
  • Dendrobium tangerinum
  • Dendrobium williamsianum

Dendrobium formosae

Dendrobium formosae

Dendrobium formosae is a species of Dendrobium Orchids varieties that is native to Taiwan. This beautiful plant has cylindrical, elongated stems reaching 50cm in length. The stems are greenish-yellow and have small, scaly leaves that grow in a spiral pattern along the stem. When the plant blooms, it produces clusters of small, white, or yellow flowers with a delicate, sweet fragrance.

Dendrobium formosae is a popular ornamental plant cultivated in many parts of the world. It is easy to grow and care for, and it can thrive in a variety of conditions. The plant prefers bright, indirect light and a well-draining growing medium. It should be watered regularly during the growing season, but it should be allowed to dry out slightly between waterings. The plant should be given a rest period in the winter with reduced watering and cooler temperatures.

In traditional Chinese medicine, Dendrobium formosae is believed to have various health benefits. It is often used to treat coughs, fever, and other respiratory ailments. The plant contains compounds that have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Some Examples of Dendrobium formosae Species:

Dendrobium bellatulum
Dendrobium cruentum
Dendrobium dearie
Dendrobium draconis
Dendrobium formosum
Dendrobium infundibulum
Dendrobium sanderae
Dendrobium scabrilingue
Dendrobium schuetzei
Dendrobium sinense
Dendrobium tobaense
Dendrobium trigonopus

Dendroubium callista

Dendrobium Orchids Varieties: Dendroubium callista

Dendrobium callista is a species of Dendrobium Orchids varieties native to the Philippines. It is known for its beautiful and fragrant flowers, usually white or pale pink. The flowers have a distinct lip and a long spur, which are common characteristics of the Dendrobium genus.

This orchid species is epiphytic, which grows on trees or other plants without harming them. It prefers to grow in high-humidity environments and requires regular watering and fertilization to thrive. In the wild, it can be found in forests, growing on the trunks and branches of trees.
Dendrobium callista is not commonly cultivated, but it is a sought-after species among orchid enthusiasts due to its striking beauty and unique characteristics. It is also believed to have medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine in some parts of the world.

The conservation status of Dendrobium callista is currently unknown. Still, like many orchid species, it is threatened by habitat loss due to deforestation and illegal harvesting for trade. Conservation efforts are needed to protect this species and ensure its survival in the wild.

Some Dendrobium callista species include:

  • Dendrobium aggregatum,
  • Dendrobium chrysotoxum,
  • Dendrobium densiflorum,
  • Dendrobium farmeri,
  • Dendrobium thyrsiflorum. 

Dendrobium (Dendrobium)


Dendrobiums are a popular type of orchid species, with the most well-known being the Dendrobium Nobile due to its distinctive purple petals and white center. There are two types of Dendrobiums: the pendulous and the erect. In the pendulous group, the flowers hang from the base and drape over the pot, similar to the Nobile orchid. In the erect group, the flowers grow upward, and as the flower spike blooms and becomes heavier, it slowly curves over time.

The Nobile orchids typically grow in cooler climates or higher altitudes. These orchids thrive in the cooler mountain bases of Southeast Asia, especially in southern China. They can also be found in neighboring countries like Burma, Thailand, Nepal, parts of India, and Vietnam. While these regions can be quite hot, Dendrobiums can be found in mountainous areas where temperatures range from around 80 F (27 C) during the day to mid-sixties (66 F or 20C) at night. Although Dendrobiums can tolerate a few days of near-freezing temperatures, it’s not recommended as it risks damaging the plant. The humidity levels in these areas stay high, ranging from 60 to 80% (ideal for root rot, so extra care is needed).

Dendrobiums require a full winter’s rest from watering, and this can be seen as the leaves fall off. They are also classified as type I orchids. While the Nobile orchid is the most commonly known type of Dendrobium Orchids varieties, there are many other species that come in a wide range of colors and sizes, making them a favorite among orchid enthusiasts.

  • Dendrobium anosmum
  • Dendrobium chrysanthum
  • Dendrobium crepidatum
  • Dendrobium devonianum
  • Dendrobium falconeri
  • Dendrobium fimbriatum
  • Dendrobium findlayanum
  • Dendrobium moniliforme
  • Dendrobium moniliforme
  • Dendrobium moschatum
  • Dendrobium nobile
  • Dendrobium primulinum
  • Dendrobium signatum
  • Dendrobium stuartii
  • Dendrobium wardianum
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