Agave angustifolia (Caribbean Agave)

Agave angustifolia


Plant Type: Succulent
Family: Asparagaceae
Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade
Watering: Low to moderate
Colors: Green, blue-green, white
Size: Up to 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide
Hardiness Zones: 9-11
Soil Type: Well-draining
Soil pH: 6.0-8.0
Propagation: Pups, bulbils, and seeds
Toxicity: Mildly toxic to pets

The Agave angustifolia, also known as the Caribbean Agave, is a stunning succulent that’s low-maintenance and resilient. Let’s explore this succulent care requirements and propagation techniques.

How to Care for Agave angustifolia

Agave angustifolia

Sun Exposure & Temperature

Caribbean Agave thrives in full sun to light shade. It’s hardy in USDA zones 9-11 and can tolerate temperatures as low as 20°F. However, it’s best to provide some protection from frost or extreme cold.

Watering Agave angustifolia

When it comes to watering your Agave angustifolia, it’s essential to strike the right balance, as this succulent is drought-tolerant and susceptible to root rot if overwatered. Here are some guidelines to help you maintain proper watering:

  1. Establish a watering schedule: During the active growing season (spring and summer), water your Caribbean Agave every 10 to 14 days, allowing the soil to dry out completely between waterings. In the cooler months (fall and winter), reduce watering frequency to once every 3 to 4 weeks.
  2. Use the “soak and dry” method: When watering, ensure you soak the soil thoroughly, so the water reaches the roots. Then, wait for the soil to dry out entirely before watering again. This method helps promote healthy root growth and prevents overwatering.
  3. Adjust watering based on environmental factors: The amount of water your Agave angustifolia needs may vary depending on factors such as temperature, humidity, and sunlight exposure. For example, in hot and dry conditions, your plant may require more frequent watering, while in cooler or more humid environments, it may need less.
  4. Check soil moisture: To determine when it’s time to water, use your finger to check the soil’s moisture about 1-2 inches below the surface. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water; if it’s still moist, wait a few more days before checking again.
  5. Use well-draining containers: When growing your Caribbean Agave in a container, choose one with drainage holes to prevent standing water and ensure excess moisture can escape. This will help prevent root rot and other issues associated with overwatering.

Soil & Drainage

Plant your Caribbean Agave in well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0-8.0. A mix of 50% potting soil and 50% pumice, perlite, or coarse sand works well.


Care for Agave angustifolia by providing full sun to light shade, protecting it from frost, and using well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0-8.0. Establish a watering schedule, adjusting for environmental factors, and use the “soak and dry” method. Choose containers with drainage holes for optimal growth.

How to Propagate Agave angustifolia

Agave angustifolia

Propagating from Offsets

Mature Agave angustifolia plants produce offsets or “pups” around their base. Carefully separate a pup from the mother plant using a sharp, sterilized knife. Allow the pup to callous for a few days before planting it in well-draining soil.

Propagating from Bulbils

Caribbean Agave can also be propagated from bulbils, which form on the flower stalk. Remove a bulbil with a clean, sharp knife and let it dry for a few days. Plant it in well-draining soil and water sparingly until roots establish.

Propagating from Seeds

To propagate Agave angustifolia from seeds, sow them in well-draining soil and keep the medium moist but not soggy. Provide ample sunlight and warmth for successful germination.


Propagate Agave angustifolia through pups, bulbils, or seeds. Separate pups with a sterilized knife, let bulbils dry before planting, and sow seeds in moist, well-draining soil with ample sunlight.

Fertilizing Your Agave angustifolia

Fertilize Caribbean Agave sparingly, using a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in spring. Over-fertilization can lead to leggy growth and reduced drought tolerance.

Common Pests and Diseases

Agave angustifolia is generally pest-resistant, but it can be affected by mealybugs, scale insects, and snails. Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Prevent root rot by avoiding overwatering and ensuring proper soil drainage.


Fertilize Agave angustifolia sparingly in spring; treat pests with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Prevent root rot by avoiding overwatering and ensuring soil drainage.

Where to Buy

Buy Caribbean Agave from Etsy

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