How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria

alstroemeria

Quick Overview

Plant Type: Bulbs, Perennial
Family: Alstroemeriaceae
Sun Exposure: Full to partial sun
Watering: Frequent watering
Colors: Pink, yellow, red, orange, white
Size: One to three feet
Hardiness Zones: 7-10
Soil Type: Rich fertile soil and well-drained
Soil pH: Acidic; 5.5-6.5
Propagation: By division
Toxicity: Tulipalin may cause skin reactions

The Alstroemeria, also known as the Peruvian lily, is a beautiful flower. It has an exotic look to it but is rather easy to grow. These flowers are easily recognizable. If you have gotten a bouquet of flowers from the local grocery store, it likely included the alstroemeria. Whether you have them in a vase in your home or growing in your garden, these beautiful flowers are eye-catching. They are versatile and long-lasting. When cut and kept in a vase, they will thrive for weeks. If you are looking to grow gorgeous blooms you can proudly display in your home, the Peruvian lily is for you.

When it comes to caring for the Peruvian lily, the task is rather simple. They enjoy catching rays, so place them in a sunny spot in your garden. They are not picky when it comes to soil, but prefer a fertile and well-draining environment to call home. These plants do get a bit fussy when it comes to weather and temperature. Growing the alstroemeria in an area that reaches over 90 degrees fahrenheit during the summer months is not advised. They can produce blind stems, or stems without flowers, under these conditions. They like areas that stay in the 60-80 degree fahrenheit range. They also need regular moisture.

While these plants are easy to care for, they can be a bit particular. If you feel you can give the alstroemeria a happy environment to thrive in, they will reward you for your effort. If you follow this guide, you will have beautiful Peruvian lilies blooming in no time!

Alstroemeria

About the Alstroemeria

These flowers are native to Chile and Argentina. These hardy plants grow in colonies and can become invasive in some areas. If you are worried they may overgrow in your yard, dig up the tubers they grow in and share them with friends. By doing this, you are preventing your plant from growing out of control while spreading the joy of the Peruvian lily to your friends!

Peruvian lilies are perennial flowers. They bloom in the summer months and can grow up to three feet when matured. They bloom in a wide range of colors. Depending on the variety, you can end up with pink, orange, red, yellow, white, or purple flowers in your garden. Don’t be afraid to clip your mature flowers! They look great in a vase and are long-lasting when cut and kept in water.

How to Grow Alstroemeria

These plants are typically tubers. They can be brittle, so when you are handling them, be careful. You’ll want to plant them during the spring months when you know cold weather days are behind you. They do not care for temperatures under 60 degrees fahrenheit when growing. To grow them from tubers, place the tubers into your soil. You’ll want about 2 inches of soil on top of the tubers. Make sure to keep your newly planted tuber moist with water as it is growing.

You can even grow the Peruvian lily inside a container if you’d prefer. If you live in a cold climate, this is the recommended method. Due to the time between sowing and germination, the waiting period can be too long for cold-weather gardeners. If you are placing seeds into containers, make sure they have been cold treated. Then, place them in a sterile potting mix. Keep an eye on the seeds for germination. Once it is ready to go, keep your growing plant in a container or transport them into your garden. If you are placing them into soil, make sure they are eight inches apart to prevent overcrowding.

Alstroemeria

Propagating Alstroemeria

If you are looking to propagate your plant, do so during early spring. You separate your plant’s tubers and collect them. Cut off dead growth and dig several inches around the clump you want to divide. Once you have three to five tubers from divisions, you can replant them to propagate.

Varieties

These beautiful blooms come in a wide range of colors based on the variety you are growing. The Princess Angela variety features bright and beautiful yellow and pink flowers. The Adonis is a dwarf variety that is the best for growing in containers. Finally, the Alexis is a beautiful red and orange variety. These are just a few colors and looks you will find when it comes to the alstroemeria flower.

Alstroemeria

Caring for the Alstroemeria

Watering

If you are looking for a drought tolerant flower, this is not the plant for you. These beautiful blooms require frequent watering. They enjoy having moist soil. They need at least one inch of water per week. If you notice the soil of your plant looking or feeling dry, it is time for a watering.

Pruning & Fertilizing

These plants will need some pruning. You need to cut your Peruvian lilies back once they have bloomed. If you do not regularly cut your flower back, it will put energy into seed production. The more seeds they produce, the more likely they are to spread. This is when they can become invasive. It is important to keep your flower pruned to avoid overgrowth issues. If your plant does become invasive, pull up the stems that are not as active in growing flowers. This encourages new tubers to blossom while eliminating less productive parts of the plant.

To prepare your flower for a successful growth season, give it a fertilizer treatment in the early spring months. You want to use a balanced flower fertilizer. Giving your plant some extra nutrients before the growing season will help it bloom. You may add manure or compost to your plant as well to encourage a strong growing season.

pink flower

The Best Soil for Your Alstroemeria

These flowers love well-draining soil. A fertile soil that drains well is ideal for your new flower. To make your Peruvian lily happy, add compost or leaf mold to its soil. This will provide the soil with more fertility and aid in draining. An option is growing them in raised beds which will add to their health and strength. They seem to thrive when planted in raised beds.

The Ideal Amount of Light for Your Alstroemeria

If you are hoping to grow big, luscious flowers, plant your flower in a spot that sees a lot of sunlight. They will not grow as successfully if they are not getting enough sun. However, too much sun can be a bad thing for these flowers. If you live in a hot climate, make sure your flower has a protected area for warm afternoons.

Climate and Temperature

These flowers are a bit picky when it comes to climate and temperature. They like environments that see temperatures ranging from 60-80 degrees fahrenheit. If it gets too hot, the flower may begin to grow blind stems. Blind stems are stems that do not grow or support flowers. If you want to grow these flowers but live in a hot climate, try planting them in partial shade.

Pests and Diseases

Bugs are occasionally attracted to these flowers. If you are growing the alstroemeria you may see slugs, mites, or aphids in your garden. Don’t worry too muc, you can use insect wash to keep these bugs at bay.

As for diseases, they are not susceptible to many. Yet, they can get fungal diseases if not in an area that has enough air circulation. This can be easily avoided by making sure you place your flower in a well circulated spot in your garden. Avoiding too much shade will also keep fungal diseases away.

purple flower

Takeaways

These eye-catching flowers are a favorite for both gardeners and florists alike. They are versatile, hardy, and thrive as cuttings in a vase. They make the perfect addition to a homemade bouquet or as a pop of color in your garden. They come in a wide range of colors, from pink to orange, this flower has what you are looking for.

They are generally easy to care for when given the right conditions to grow in. As long as you are mindful about the amount of sunlight they get, they will be happy. They like a lot of sun, but not if it gets too hot where you live. Make sure you provide partial shade if you live in a climate that reaches 90 degrees fahrenheit or higher.

Peruvian lilies like well-draining, fertile soil. They also enjoy a weekly watering. If you provide your flower with the right soil and keep it moist, you will be rewarded with beautiful blooms. They are true perennials and will bloom in the summer months.

If you are looking for a flower you can grow in both your garden and a container, this is the plant for you. It is versatile and adaptable, as long as you provide it with the right conditions to keep it happy.

Are you ready to add alstroemeria to your garden? Share this guide on social media to tell all your friends about your new flower!